Full papers

  1. Salmons, S. (1966) The achievement of high overall rejection in difference amplifiers. Electron. Engng.  38: 218-221, 329.

  2. Salmons, S. and Williams, D.G. (1967) A transistorized unit for microelectrophoretic application of drugs. World Med. Electron.  5: 302-306.

  3. Salmons, S. and Vrbovà, G. (1969) The influence of activity on some contractile characteristics of mammalian fast and slow muscles. J. Physiol.  201: 535-549.

  4. Salmons, S. (1971) On the calibration of digital measurements. J. Phys. E: Scient. Instrum.  4: 185-186, 472.

  5. Salmons, S. (1971) Skeletal Muscle - an adaptive machine? Brit. Sci. News (Spectrum)  No. 83: 2-4.

  6. Srèter, F.A., Gergely, J., Salmons, S. and Romanul, F. (1973) Synthesis by fast muscle of myosin light chains characteristic of slow muscle in response to long-term stimulation. Nature  241: 17-19.

  7. Srèter, F.A., Elzinga, M., Salmons, S., Mabuchi, K. and A.R. Luff (1975) The Nt-methylhistidine content of myosin in stimulated and cross- reinnervated skeletal muscles of the rabbit. FEBS Lett.  57: 107-111.

  8. Salmons, S. and Srèter, F.A. (1976) Significance of impulse activity in the transformation of skeletal muscle type. Nature  263: 30-34.

  9. Salmons, S., Gale, D.R. and Srèter, F.A. (1978) Ultrastructural aspects of the transformation of muscle fibre type by long term stimulation: changes in Z-discs and mitochondria. J. Anat.  127: 17-31.

  10. Rubinstein, N., Mabuchi, K., Pepe, F., Salmons, S., Gergely, J. and Srèter, F. A. (1978) Use of type-specific antimyosins to demonstrate the transformation of individual fibres in chronically stimulated rabbit fast muscles. J. Cell Biol.  79: 252-261.

  11. Salmons, S. (1980) Functional adaptation in skeletal muscle. Trends in Neurosciences  3: 134-137.

  12. Salmons, S. and Henriksson, J. (1981) The adaptive response of skeletal muscle to increased use. Muscle & Nerve  4: 94-105.

  13. Brown, J. and Salmons, S. (1981) Percutaneous control of an implantable muscle stimulator via an optical link. J. Biomed. Engng.  3: 206-208.

  14. Eisenberg, B. R. and Salmons, S. (1981) The reorganisation of subcellular structure in muscle undergoing fast-to-slow type transformation: a stereological study. Cell Tiss. Res.  220: 449-47l.

  15. Mastri, C., Salmons, S. and Thomas, G.H. (1982) Early events in the response of fast skeletal muscle to chronic low-frequency stimulation: polyamine biosynthesis and protein phosphorylation. Biochem. J.  206: 211-219.

  16. Salmons, S. (1983) Myotrophic effects of anabolic steroids. Vet. Res. Commun. (special issue)7: 19-26.

  17. Brown, W.E., Salmons, S. and Whalen, R.G. (1983) The sequential replacement of myosin subunit isoforms during muscle type transformation induced by long term electrical stimulation. J. Biol. Chem.  258: 14686-14692.

  18. Eisenberg, B.R., Brown, J.M.C. and Salmons, S. (1984) Restoration of fast muscle characteristics following cessation of chronic stimulation: the ultrastructure of slow-to-fast transformation. Cell Tiss. Res.  238: 221-230.

  19. Southall, D.P., Talbert, D.G., Johnson, P., Morley, C.J., Salmons, S., Miller J. and Helms, P.J. (1985) Prolonged expiratory apnoea: a disorder resulting in episodes of severe arterial hypoxaemia in infants and young children. The Lancet: 571-577.

  20. Brown, W.E., Salmons, S., and Whalen, R.G. (1985) Mechanisms underlying the asynchronous replacement of myosin light chain isoforms during stimulation-induced fibre-type transformation of skeletal muscle. FEBS Lett.  192: 235-238.

  21. Williams, R.S., Salmons, S., Newsholme, E.A., Kaufman, R.E. and Mellor, J. (1986) Regulation of nuclear and mitochondrial expression by contractile activity in skeletal muscle. J. Biol. Chem.  261: 376-380.

  22. Lawrence, J.C. Jr., Krsek, J.A., Salsgiver, W.J., Hiken, J.F., Salmons, S. and Smith R.L. (1986) Phosphorylase kinase isozymes in normal and electrically stimulated skeletal muscles. Am. J. Physiol.  250: C84-C89.

  23. Acker, M.A., Hammond, R., Mannion, J.D., Salmons, S. and Stephenson, L.W. (1986) An autologous biologic pump motor. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.12: 733-746.

  24. Henriksson, J., Chi, M.M.-Y., Hintz, C.S.,Young, D.A., Kaiser, K.K., Salmons, S. and Lowry, O.H. (1986) Chronic stimulation of mammalian muscle: changes in enzymes of six metabolic pathways. Am. J. Physiol.  251: C614-C632.

  25. Chi, M.M.-Y., Hintz, C.S., Henriksson, J., Salmons, S., Hellendahl, R.P., Park, J.L., Nemeth, P.M., Lowry, O.H. (1986) Chronic stimulation of mammalian muscle: enzyme changes in individual fibers. Am. J. Physiol.  251: C633-C642.

  26. Williams, R.S., Garcia-Moll, M., Mellor, J., Salmons, S. and Harlan, W. (1987) Adaptation of skeletal muscle to increased contractile activity. Expression of nuclear genes encoding mitochondrial proteins. J. Biol. Chem.  262: 2764-2767.

  27. Acker, M.A., Mannion, J.D., Brown, W.E., Salmons, S., Henriksson, J., Bitto, T., Gale, D.R., Hammond, R. and Stephenson, L.W. (1987) Canine diaphragm muscle after one yr of continuous electrical stimulation: its potential as a myocardial substitute. J. Appl. Physiol.  62: 1264-1270.

  28. Acker, M.A., Hammond, R.L., Mannion, J.D., Salmons, S. and Stephenson, L.W. (1987) Skeletal muscle as the potential power source for a cardiovascular pump: assessment in vivo. Science  236: 324-327.

  29. Joplin, R.E., Franchi, L.L. and Salmons, S. (1987) Changes in the size and synthetic activity of nuclear populations in chronically stimulated rabbit skeletal muscle. J. Anat.  155: 39-50.

  30. Acker, M., Anderson, W.A., Hammond, R.L., DiMeo, Jr., B.S., McCullum, B.S., Staum, M., Velchik, M., Brown, W.E., Gale, D., Salmons, S. and Stephenson, L.W. (1987) Oxygen consumption of chronically stimulated skeletal muscle. J. Thor. Cardiovasc. Surg.  94: 702-709.

  31. Clark, B.J. III, Acker, M.A., McCully, K., Subramanian, H.V., Hammond, R.L., Salmons, S., Chance, B. and Stephenson, L.W. (1988) In vivo 31P-NMR spectroscopy of chronically stimulated canine skeletal muscle. Am. J. Physiol.  254: C258-266.

  32. Cooper, J.P. and Salmons, S. (1988) A simple three-program implantable muscle stimulator with optical control. J. Biomed. Engng.  10: 467-469.

  33. Henriksson, J., Salmons, S., Chi, M.M.-Y., Hintz, C.S. and Lowry, O.H. (1988) Chronic stimulation of mammalian muscle: changes in metabolite concentrations in individual fibers. Am. J. Physiol.  255: C543-C551.

  34. Anderson, W.A., Andersen, J.S., Bridges, C.R., Hammond, R.L., DiMeo F., Frisch, E.E., Salmons, S. and Stephenson L.W. (1988) Skeletal muscle ventricles as a potential right heart assist or substitute. ASAIO Transactions  34: 241-246.

  35. Anderson, W.A., Andersen, J.S., Acker, M.A., Hammond, R.L., Chin, A.J., Douglas, P.S., Khalafalla, A.S., Salmons, S. and Stephenson L.W. (1988) Skeletal muscle grafts applied to the heart: a word of caution. Circulation  78 (suppl III) : 180-190.

  36. Brownson, C., Isenberg, H., Brown,W., Salmons, S. and Edwards Y. (1988) Changes in skeletal muscle gene transcription induced by chronic stimulation. Muscle & Nerve  11: 1183-1189.

  37. Brown, J.M.C., Henriksson, J. and Salmons, S. (1989) Restoration of fast muscle characteristics following cessation of chronic stimulation: physiological, histochemical and metabolic changes during slow-to-fast transformation. Proc. R. Soc. B.  235: 321-346.

  38. Salmons, S. (1989) The importance of the adaptive properties of skeletal muscle in long term electrophrenic stimulation of the diaphragm. Stereotact. Funct. Neurosurg.  53: 223-232.

  39. Franchi, L.L., Murdoch, A., Brown, W.E., Mayne, C.N., Elliott, L. and Salmons, S. (1990) Subcellular localisation of newly incorporated myosin in rabbit fast skeletal muscle undergoing stimulation-induced type transformation. J. Musc. Res. Cell Motil.  11: 227-239.

  40. Salmons, S. and Jarvis, J.C. (1990) Cardiomyoplasty: the basic issues. Cardiac Chronicle  4: 1-7.

  41. Pochettino, A., Spanta, A.D., Hammond, R.L., Anderson, D.R., Bridges, C.R., Samet, P., Niinami, H., Hohenhaus, E., Salmons, S. and Stephenson, L.W. (1990) Skeletal muscle ventricles for total heart replacement. Ann. Surg.  212: 345-352.

  42. Pochettino, A., Anderson, D.R., Hammond, R.L., Salmons, S. and Stephenson, L.W. (1991) Skeletal muscle ventricles. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery  3: 154-159.

  43. Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1991) A family of neuromuscular stimulators with optical transcutaneous control. J. Med. Eng. Technol.  15: 53-57.

  44. Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1991) An electrohydraulic apparatus for the measurement of static and dynamic properties of rabbit muscles. J. Appl. Physiol.  70: 938-941.

  45. Callewaert, L., Puers, B., Sansen, W. and Salmons, S. and Jarvis, J.C. (1991) Programmable implantable device for investigating the adaptive response of skeletal muscle to chronic electrical stimulation. Med. Biol. Engng. Comput.  29: 548-553.

  46. Salmons, S. and Jarvis, J.C. (1991) Simple optical switch for implantable devices. Med. Biol. Engng. Comput.  29: 554-556.

  47. Mayne, C.N., Anderson, W.A., Hammond, R.L., Eisenberg, B.R., Stephenson, L.W. and Salmons, S. (1991) Correlates of fatigue resistance in canine skeletal muscle stimulated electrically for up to one year. Am. J. Physiol.  261 (Cell Physiol.  30): C259-C270.

  48. Jarvis, J.C., Mayne, C.N. and Salmons, S. (1991) Basic studies on skeletal muscle for cardiac assistance. J. Cardiac Surg.  6 (Suppl.): 204-209.

  49. Mayne, C.N., Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1991) Dissociation between metabolite levels and force fatigue in the early stages of stimulation-induced transformation of mammalian skeletal muscle. Basic Appl. Myol1: 63-70.

  50. Ruggiero, R., Niinami, H., Hooper, T.L., Pochettino, A., Hammond, R.L., Lu, H., Spanta, A.D., Nakajima H., Nakajima H., Mannion, J.D., Acker, M.A., Bridges, C.R., Anderson, D.R., Colson, M., Kantrowitz, A., Salmons, S., Stephenson, L.W. (1991) Skeletal muscle ventricles for cardiac assistance. Basic Appl. Myol.  1: 129-137.

  51. Salmons, S. (1991) Myotrophic action of an anabolic steroid (nandrolone decanoate) in normal, but not in chronically stimulated, rabbit limb muscles Basic Appl. Myol1: 241-251.

  52. Brownson, C., Little, P., Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1992) Reciprocal changes in myosin isoform mRNAs of rabbit skeletal muscle in response to the initiation and cessation of chronic electrical stimulation. Muscle & Nerve  15: 694-700.

  53. Salmons, S. (1992) Myotrophic effects of an anabolic steroid in rabbit limb muscles Muscle & Nerve15: 806-812.

  54. Lexell, J., Jarvis, J.C., Downham, D.Y. and Salmons, S. (1992) Quantitative morphology of stimulation-induced damage in rabbit fast-twitch muscles. Cell Tiss. Res.  269: 195-204.

  55. Salmons, S. and Jarvis, J.C. (1992) Cardiac assistance from skeletal muscle: a critical appraisal of the various approaches. Brit. Heart J.  68: 333-338.

  56. Mocek, F.W., Anderson, D.R., Pochettino, A., Hammond, R.L., Spanta, A., Ruggiero, R., Thomas, G., Lu, H., Fietsam, R., Nakajima, H., Nakajima, H., Krakovsky, A., Hooper, T., Niinami, H., Colson, M., Levine, S., Salmons, S., Stephenson, L.W. (1992) Skeletal muscle ventricles in circulation long-term: 191 to 836 days. J. Heart Lung Transplant.  11: S334-340.

  57. Hohenhaus, E., Pochettino, A., Hammond, R.L., Niinami, H., Lu, H., Spanta, A.D., Pluymers, R.J., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S., Stephenson, L.W. (1992) Effect of treatment with an anabolic steroid (Nandrolone decanoate) on physiological and morphological characteristics of unconditioned and conditioned canine latissimus dorsi muscles. Basic Appl. Myol2: 115-125.

  58. Hooper, T.L. and Salmons, S. (1993) Skeletal muscle assistance in heart failure. Cardiovasc. Res.  27: 1404-1406.

  59. Lexell, J., Jarvis, J.C., Downham, D.Y. and Salmons, S. (1993) Stimulation-induced damage in rabbit fast-twitch muscles: a quantitative morphological study of the influence of pattern and frequency. Cell Tiss. Res.  273: 357-362.

  60. Mayne, C.N., Mokrusch, T., Jarvis, J.C., Gilroy, S.J. and Salmons, S. (1993) Stimulation-induced expression of slow muscle myosin in a fast muscle of the rat: evidence of an unrestricted adaptive capacity. FEBS Lett.  327: 297-300.

  61. Salmons, S. (1994) Exercise, stimulation and type transformation of skeletal muscle. Int. J. Sports Med.  15: 136-141.

  62. Lexell, J., Jarvis, J.C., Downham D.Y. and Salmons, S. (1994) Stimulation-induced muscle damage. Basic Appl. Myol. (Special issue on Muscle Damage, ed. Salmons, S.)  4: 59-66.

  63. Cox, V.M., Jarvis, J.C., Sutherland, H. and Salmons, S. (1994) The relationship of 99Tcm-pyrophosphate uptake to muscle damage in chronically stimulated rabbit muscles. Basic Appl. Myol. (Special issue on Muscle Damage, ed. Salmons, S.)  4: 67-76.

  64. Lexell, J., Jarvis, J.C., Currie, J., Downham D.Y. and Salmons, S. (1994) Fibre type composition of rabbit tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus muscles. J. Anat.  185: 95-101.

  65. Kong X, Manchester J, Salmons S, Lawrence JC Jr (1994) Glucose transporters in single skeletal muscle fibers: relationship to hexokinase and regulation by contractile activity. J. Biol. Chem.  269: 12963-12967.

  66. El Oakley, R.M., Jarvis, J.C., Barman, D., Greenhalgh, D.L., Currie, J., Downham, D.Y., Salmons, S., Hooper, T.L. (1995) Factors affecting the integrity of latissimus dorsi muscle grafts: implications for cardiac assistance from skeletal muscle. J. Heart Lung Transpl.  14: 359-365.

  67. Yan, Z., Salmons S., Jarvis, J.C. and Booth, F.W. (1995) Increased muscle carnitine palmitoyltransferase II mRNA after training. Am J. Physiol.  268 (Endocrinol. Metab.  31): E277-E281.

  68. Kwende, M.M.N., Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1995) The input-output relationships of skeletal muscle. Proc. Roy. Soc. Ser B  261: 193-201.

  69. Shortland, A.P., Black, R.A., Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1996) A novel video technique for visualizing flow structures in cardiovascular models. J. Biomech.  29: 239-244.

  70. Shortland, A.P., Black, R.A., Jarvis, J.C., Henry, F.S., Iudicello, F., Collins, M.W. and Salmons, S. (1996) Formation and travel of vortices in model ventricles: application to the design of skeletal muscle ventricles. J. Biomech.  29: 503-511.

  71. Jarvis, J.C., Sutherland, H., Mayne, C.N., Gilroy, S.J. and Salmons, S. (1996) Induction of a fast-oxidative phenotype by chronic muscle stimulation: mechanical and biochemical studies. Am. J. Physiol.  270 (Cell Physiol.  39): C306-312.

  72. Mayne, C.N., Sutherland, H., Jarvis, J.C., Gilroy, S.J., Craven, A.J. and Salmons, S. (1996) Induction of a fast-oxidative phenotype by chronic muscle stimulation: histochemical and metabolic studies. Am. J. Physiol.  270 (Cell Physiol.  39): C313-320.

  73. Degens, H., Craven, A.J., Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (1996) The use of coloured dye-extraction microspheres to measure blood flow in rabbit skeletal muscle: a validation study with special emphasis on repeated measurements. Exper. Physiol.  81: 239-250.

  74. Henry, F.S., Shortland A., Iudicello F., Black, R.A., Jarvis J.C., Collins, M.W. and Salmons, S. (1995) Flow in a simple model ventricle: comparison between numerical and physical simulations. ASME J. Biomech. Eng119: 13-19.

  75. Shortland A., Black, R.A., Jarvis J.C. and Salmons, S. (1996) Factors influencing vortex development in a model of a skeletal muscle ventricle. Artif. Org.  20: 1026-1033.

  76. Jones, J., Emmanuel, J., Sutherland, H., Jackson, M.J., Jarvis, J.C., and Salmons, S. (1997) Stimulation-induced skeletal muscle damage: cytoprotective effect of prestimulation. Basic Appl. Myol.  7: 39-44.

  77. Salmons, S., Jarvis, J.C., Mayne, C.N., Chi, M.M.-Y., Manchester, J.K., McDougal, D.B., Jr. and Lowry, O.H. (1996) Changes in ATP, phosphocreatine and 16 metabolites in rabbit muscles stimulated for up to 96 hours. Am. J. Physiol.  40: C1167-C1171.

  78. Thomas, G.A., Isoda, S., Hammond, R.L., Lu, H.P., Nakajima, H., Nakajima, H.O., Greer, K., Gilroy, S.J., Salmons, S., and Stephenson, L.W. (1996) Pericardium-lined skeletal muscle ventricles: up to 2 years in-circulation experience. Ann. Thorac. Surg.  62: 1698-1706.

  79. Cox, V.M., Jarvis, J.C., Lexell, J. and Salmons, S. (1996) Effect of the ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor di-fluoro methyl-ornithine on damage in electrically stimulated muscle. Basic Appl. Myol.  6: 291-296.

  80. Jarvis, J.C., Mokrusch, T., Kwende, M.M.N., Sutherland, H., and Salmons, S. (1996) Fast-to-slow transformation in stimulated rat muscle. Muscle & Nerve  19: 1469-1475.

  81. van Doorn, C.A.M., Bhabra, M.S., El Oakley, R.M., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S. and Hooper, T.L. (1996) Effects of cardiomyoplasty on cardiac growth in rats. J. Cardiac Surg.  11: 226-233.

  82. Salmons, S. (1996) Muscles: the actuators. J. Rehabil. Res. Devel. 33: 191-194. (Single topic issue on Functional Neuromuscular Stimulation).

  83. Yan, Z., Salmons S., Dang, Y.L., Hamilton, M.T. and Booth, F.W. (1996) Increased contractile activity decreases RNA-protein interaction in the 3´-UTR of cytochrome c mRNA. Am. J. Physiol. 271 (Cell Physiol.  40): C1157-1166.

  84. Gilroy, S., Salmons, S. and Pennington, S.R. (1997) Changes in nuclear protein composition during fibre-type transformation in skeletal muscle. Electrophoresis  18: 809-813.

  85. Doorn, C.A.M. van, Degens, H., Bhabra, M.S., Till, C.B.W., Shaw, T.E., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S., and Hooper, T.L. (1997) Intramural blood flow of skeletal muscle ventricles functioning as aortic counterpulsators. Ann. Thorac. Surg.  64: 86-93.

  86. Jarvis, J.C., Kwende, M.M.N., Shortland, A., El Oakley, R.M., Gilroy, S.J., Black, R.A. and Salmons, S. (1997) Relation between muscle contraction speed and hydraulic performance in skeletal muscle ventricles. Circulation  96: 2368-2375.

  87. Iudicello, F., Henry, F.S., Collins, M.W., Salmons, S., Sarti, A., and Lamberti, C. (1997) Comparison of haemodynamic structures between a skeletal muscle ventricle and the human left ventricle. Int. Med. Clin. Lab.  5: 1-10.

  88. Ryschon, T.W., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S., and Balaban, R.S. (1997) High-energy phosphates and tension production in rabbit tibialis anterior/extensor digitorum longus muscles. J. Appl. Physiol.  82: 1024-1029

  89. Degens, H., Salmons, S., and Jarvis, J.C. (1998) Intramuscular pressure, force and blood flow in the rabbit tibialis anterior muscles during single and repetitive contractions. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.  78: 13-19.

  90. Tang, A.T.M., Geraghty, P., Dascombe, M.J., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S. and Hooper, T.L. (1998) Nitroglycerine reduces neutrophil activation and acute damage in latissimus dorsi muscle grafts. Ann. Thorac. Surg.  66: 2015-2021.

  91. Sutherland, H., Jarvis, J.C., Kwende, M.M.N., Gilroy, S.J. and Salmons, S. (1998) The dose-related response of rabbit fast muscle to long-term low-frequency stimulation. Muscle & Nerve21: 1632-1646.

  92. Tang, A.T.M., Jarvis, J.C., Hooper, T.L. and Salmons, S. (1998) Observation and basis of improved blood flow to the distal latissimus dorsi muscle: a case for electrical stimulation prior to grafting. Cardiovasc. Res.  40: 131-137.

  93. Salmons, S., Tang, A.T.M., Jarvis, J.C., Degens, H., Hastings, M., and Hooper, T.L. (1998) Morphological and functional evidence, and clinical importance, of vascular anastomoses in the latissimus dorsi muscle of the sheep. J. Anat.193: 93-104.

  94. Barron, D.J., Etherington, P.J., Winlove, C.P., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S., and Pepper, J.R. (1998) Muscle transformation in cardiomyoplasty: the effect of conditioning and mobilisation on perfusion, oxygenation and fatigue resistance in the latissimus dorsi muscle. Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg13: 588-598.

  95. Tang, A.T.M., Jarvis, J.C., Hooper, T.L. and Salmons, S. (1999) Cardiomyoplasty: the benefits of electrical prestimulation of the latissimus dorsi muscle in situ. Ann. Thorac. Surg.  68: 46-51.

  96. Salmons, S. (1999) Permanent cardiac assistance from skeletal muscle: a prospect for the new millenium. Artif. Org.  23: 380-387.

  97. Cummins, B. and Salmons, S. (1999) Changes in the synthesis of total proteins induced by chronic electrical stimulation of skeletal muscle. Basic Appl. Myol.  9: 19-28.

  98. Thomas, G.A., Hammond, R.L., Greer, K.A., Lu, H., Jarvis, J.C., Shortland, A.P., Pullan, D. M., Salmons, S., and Stephenson, L.W. (2000) Functional assessment of skeletal muscle ventricles after pumping for up to four years in circulation. Ann. Thorac. Surg.  70: 1281-1289; discussion 1290.

  99. Greenbaum, A.R., Jarvis, J.C., Manek, S., Green, C.J., OíHare, D., Pepper, J.R., Winlove, C.P. and Salmons, S. (2000) Oxygenation and perfusion of rabbit tibialis anterior muscle subjected to different patterns of electrical stimulation. J. Musc. Res. Cell Motil.  21: 285-291.

  100. Lopez-Guajardo, A., Sutherland, H., Jarvis, J.C., and Salmons, S. (2000) Dynamics of stimulation-induced muscle adaptation: insights from varying the duty cycle. J. Musc. Res. Cell Motil.  21: 725-735.

  101. Lopez-Guajardo, A., Sutherland, H., Jarvis, J.C., and Salmons, S. (2001) Induction of a fatigue-resistant phenotype in rabbit fast muscle by small daily amounts of stimulation. J. Appl. Physiol.  90: 1909-1918.

  102. Jarvis, J.C., and Salmons, S. (2001) The application and technology of implantable neuromuscular stimulators: an introduction and overview. Med. Eng. Phys.  23: 3-7.

  103. Salmons, S., Gunning, G.T., Taylor, I., Grainger, S.R.W., Hitchings, D.J., Blackhurst, J., and Jarvis, J.C. (2001) ASIC OR PIC? Implantable stimulators based on semi-custom CMOS technology or lowñpower microcontroller architecture. Med. Eng. Phys.  23: 37-43.

  104. Barron, D.J., Etherington, P.J., Winlove, C.P., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S., Pepper, J.R. (2001) Combination of preconditioning and delayed flap elevation: evidence for improved perfusion and oxygenation of the latissimus dorsi muscle for cardiomyoplasty. Ann. Thorac. Surg. 71: 852-861.

  105. Sutherland, H., Khundkar, R., Zolle, O., McArdle, A., Simpson, A. W. M., Jarvis, J. C., Salmons, S. (2001) A fluorescence-based method for measuring nitric oxide in extracts of skeletal muscle. Nitric Oxide  5: 475-481.

  106. Woo, E.B.-C., Tang, A.T.M., Jarvis, J.C., Hasleton, P.S., Salmons, S., and Hooper, T.L. (2002) Improved viability of latissimus dorsi muscle grafts after electrical prestimulation. Muscle & Nerve  25: 679-684.

  107. Mela, P., Veltink, P.H., Huijing, P.A., Salmons, S., and Jarvis, J.C. (2002) The optimal stimulation pattern for skeletal muscle is dependent on muscle length. IEEE Trans. Neural Systems Rehab. Eng.  10: 85-93.

  108. Capoccia, M., Sutherland, H., Salmons, S., and Jarvis, J.C. (2002) The hemodynamic function of intrathoracic skeletal muscle ventricles after recovery from surgery in pigs. Artif. Org.  26: 235-37.

  109. Woo, E.B.-C., Jarvis, J.C., Hooper, T.L. and Salmons, S. (2002) Avoiding ischemia in latissimus dorsi muscle grafts: electrical prestimulation versus vascular delay. Ann. Thorac. Surg.  73: 1927-1932.

  110. Salmons, S. (2003) Invited review: Avoiding ischaemic damage in latissimus dorsi muscles redeployed as functional grafts. Basic Appl. Myol.  13: 71-81.

  111. Salmons, S., Greer, K., Shortland, A.P., Jarvis, J.C., Lu, H., Bastian, S., Hammond, R.L., Stephenson, L.W. (2003) Skeletal muscle ventricles with a single-limb conduit: the importance of hemodynamic design. J. Cardiac Surg.  19: 119-127.

  112. Shortland, A.P., Jarvis, J.C. and Salmons, S. (2003) Haemodynamic considerations in the design of a skeletal muscle ventricle. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput.  41: 529-535.

  113. Sutherland, H., Jarvis, J. C. and Salmons, S. (2003) Pattern dependence in the stimulation-induced type transformation of rabbit fast skeletal muscle. Neuromodulation  6: 176-189.

  114. Kern, H., Salmons, S., Hofer, C., Mödlin, M., Richter, W., Mayr, W., Rossini, K., and Carraro, U. (2004) Recovery of long-term denervated human muscles induced by electrical stimulation. Muscle & Nerve  31: 98-101.

  115. Salmons, S., Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., Russold, M.F., Li, F., and Jarvis, J.C. (2004) FES of denervated muscles: basic issues. Artif. Org.  29: 199-202.

  116. Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., Lanmuller, H., Unger, E., Mayr, W., Kern, H., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S. (2004) Determination of the chronaxie and rheobase of denervated limb muscles in conscious rabbits. Artif. Org.  29: 212-215.

  117. Ramnarine, I.A., Salmons, S., and Jarvis, J.C. (2005) Use what you have—biological assistance for the treatment of heart failure in the Caribbean. West Indian Med. J.  54: 65-69.

  118. Lanmüller, H., Ashley, Z., Unger, E., Sutherland, H., Reichel, M., Russold, M., Jarvis, J., Mayr, W., and Salmons, S. (2005) Implantable device for long-term electrical stimulation of denervated muscles in rabbits. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput.  43: 535-40.

  119. Sutherland, H., Salmons, S., Ramnarine, I.R., Capoccia, M., Walsh, A.A., and Jarvis, J.C. (2006) Adaptive conditioning of skeletal muscle in a large animal model (Sus domesticus) J. Anat. 209: 165-177.

  120. Ramnarine, I.R., Capoccia, M., Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., Russold, M., Summerfield, N., Salmons, S., and Jarvis, J.C. (2006) Counterpulsation from the skeletal muscle ventricle and the intraaortic balloon pump in the normal and failing circulations. Circulation 114 (Suppl I): I10-I15.

  121. Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., Lanmuller, H., Russold, M.F., Unger, E., Bijak, M., Mayr, W., Boncompagni, S., Protasi, F., Salmons, S., Jarvis, J.C. (2007) Atrophy, but not necrosis, in rabbit skeletal muscle denervated for periods up to one year. Am. J. Physiol. 292: C440-451.

  122. Ashley, Z., Salmons, S., Boncompagni, S., Protasi, F., Russold, M.F., Lanmuller, H., Mayr, W., Sutherland, H., Jarvis, J.C. (2007) Effects of chronic electrical stimulation on long-term denervated muscles of the rabbit hind limb. J. Musc. Res. Cell Motil. 28: 203-217.

  123. Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., Russold, M.F., Lanmuller, H., Mayr, W., Jarvis, J.C., Salmons, S. (2008) Therapeutic stimulation of denervated muscles: the influence of pattern. Muscle Nerve 38: 875-886.

  124. Salmons, S. and Jarvis, J.C. (2008) Cardiomyoplasty reviewed: lessons from the past, prospects for the future. Basic Appl. Myol. 19: 5-16.

  125. Salmons, S. and Jarvis, J.C. (2008) Functional electrical stimulation of denervated muscles: an experimental evaluation. Artif. Org. 32: 597-603.

  126. Salmons, S. (2009) Therapeutic electrical stimulation of denervated muscles. SCOPE 18: 8-11

  127. Salmons, S. (2009) Cardiac assistance from skeletal muscle: a reappraisal. Eur. J. Cardiothorac. Surg. 35: 204-213.

  128. Salmons, S. (2009) Adaptive change in electrically stimulated muscle: a framework for the design of clinical protocols (Invited review). Muscle Nerve 40: 918-935.

  129. Russold, M.F., Ramnarine, I., Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., Salmons, S., and Jarvis, J.C. (2009) Practical and effective stomal sphincter creation: evaluation in pigs. Dis. Colon Rectum 53: 467-474.

  130. Salmons, S., Russold, M.F., Ramnarine, I., Ashley, Z., Sutherland, H., and Jarvis, J.C. (2010) Can you make a sphincter out of skeletal muscle? Physiology News No. 79, 23-25.